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Eye Diseases Treated by an Ophthalmologist

An Ophthalmologist such as Dr Zoran Aleksic FCS (SA) Ophth. will help diagnose and treat numerous Eye Diseases, with some being fairly common in occurrence while others could be uncommon and even rare in occurrence. Below we have included a list of some of the most common Eye Diseases found in Ophthalmology, all of which can be diagnosed and treated by an Ophthalmologist:


Cataracts are one of the most common eye diseases which can generally be successfully treated by a trained Ophthalmologist. The cataract itself is an opacification of the lens of the eye and this over time leads to diminished vision. Cataract Surgery is the general course of medical intervention used to treat this eye disease. Cataracts are the number one cause of blindness globally.

Please visit our Cataracts page to learn more.


Glaucoma is not a single disease but a group of Eye Diseases, all of which cause optic nerve damage which results in the loss of vision. Some of the most common forms of glaucoma are open-angle glaucoma, closed-angle glaucoma and normal-tension glaucoma. This Eye Disease is the second-leading cause of blindness after cataracts.


Please visit our Glaucoma page to learn more.

Macular Degeneration

Macular degeneration, which is also referred to as age-related macular degeneration, is an Eye Disease which can result in blurred or no vision in the centre of the patient's visual field. After Cataracts, Glaucoma and premature Birth it is the fourth most common Eye Disease found in humans.


Please visit our Macular Degeneration page to learn more.

Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic Retinopathy is a Diabetic Eye Disease which is extremely prevalent in some of the world's most developed countries. It affects up to 80% of all patients who have suffered from diabetes for more than 20 years. It is without a doubt one of the biggest causes of blindness in people aged between 20 and 65.


Please visit our Diabetic Retinopathy page to learn more.

Dry Eyes

Dry Eye Syndrome is as its name says an Eye Condition which results in keratoconjunctivitis sicca or dry eyes as its more commonly known! This condition is caused when the eyes don't produce enough tears or when the tears evaporate too quickly. The treatment of Dry Eyes varies depending on the underlying cause.


Please visit our Dry Eyes page to learn more.


Strabismus is a condition in which the eyes do not properly align and can result in amblyopia (also known as lazy eye) or even loss of depth perception. Causes of this Eye Condition include muscle dysfunction, farsightedness, problems in the brain, trauma and even infections. The treatment of this medical condition depends on the type of Strabismus as well as the underlying cause.


Please visit our Strabismus page to learn more.


Proptosis, or Exophthalmos as it is also known as is the bulging of the eye anteriorly out of the orbit. This Eye Condition can be the result of Graves' Disease or even an orbital tumour. If left untreated it can result in the compression of the optic nerve or even the compression of the ophthalmic artery, which could lead to blindness.


Please visit our Proptosis page to learn more.

Tear Duct Obstruction

Tear Duct Obstruction is an Eye Condition in which tears can't drain normally, which results in a watery and irritated eye or eyes. It is caused by either a partial or complete obstruction of the tear drainage system. Tear Duct Obstruction is often caused by injury, infection or a tumour in adults and is common in newborn babies as well. The treatment of Tear Duct Obstruction depends on the cause of the blockage as well as the age of the patient.


Please visit our Tear Duct Obstruction page to learn more.


Please note that Uveitis is an Ophthalmic Emergency and requires an examination by an Ophthalmologist as well as urgent treatment to control the inflammation. This inflammation of the uvea is often associated with other ocular problems. Please contact us urgently if you suspect that you’re suffering from this Eye Condition or alternatively please go to your nearest Eye Hospital or Emergency Medical Ward.


Please visit our Uveitis page to learn more.

Eye Tumours

Eye Tumours, or eye neoplasms as they are also commonly referred to, can be found in any part of the eye and can be either a benign tumour or a malignant cancerous tumour. Common malignant Eye Tumours include a basal cell carcinoma, a uveal melanoma, an intraocular lymphoma and retinoblastoma. Common benign tumours include orbital dermoid cysts and benign choristomas.

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